Learning Hebrew in Easy Steps

Learning the Hebrew language requires an investment of time and effort just like in the case of any other language. Hebrew is one of the oldest languages ​​in the world. Moreover; across the globe there are countless individuals who communicate in this language. Today the world is home to seven million individuals who speak Hebrew. It is the official language of the state of Israel as most of the Hebrew-speaking population is settled there. Hebrew can be segregated on the basis of modern and Biblical Hebrew due to the significant changes that have occurred in the language.

One of the major reasons why some people want to learn Hebrew is the fact that this language has a strong history which contributions people. Also, the Old Testament portion of the Bible was originally written in an ancient form of this language and there are countless other religious books that are available only in Hebrew.

How quickly students learn Hebrew depends on a lot of factors which also include the deduction of the student. The process of learning the Hebrew language can be augmented by:

1. Watching Hebrew movies

2. Reading Hebrew literature

3. Or even listening to Hebrew music etc.

There are many individuals who read children's story books in Hebrew to grasp the basics of the language and allow them to better understand the grammar and vocabulary. Those individuals who native language is not Hebrew or another Semantic language will find it difficult to learn in the beginning. However; as they understand the basics of the language better, they will realize that Hebrew grammar is logical and simple with fewer words than in other languages. Unlike English, this language is written from right to left and its script is called Rashi.

In almost all the online courses, the basic lessons in the Hebrew language start with their alphabet. There are twenty two letters in the Hebrew alphabet. The next stage covers the vowels which are referred to as the nikkud. Since the letters in the Hebrew language can be converted into vowels using tittles and dashes, it can become confusing for students; but with practice they will grasp a better understanding of the language.

Perfecting the pronunciation of Hebrew is the key to learning the language. This is the reason online lesson plans are supplemented with audio files to help students in pronouncing the letters and the words in the correct manner. These courses focus both on the correct usage of the vocabulary and grammar. Advanced Hebrew online courses make use of video and audio files to aid their students in understanding this language to their best.

Comparison Between Egyptian and Mesopotamian Religions and Beliefs!

The religious beliefs of the ancient Egyptians were the dominating influence in the development of their culture. The Egyptian faith was based on a collection of ancient myths, nature worship, and innumerable deities. Sumerian lives were spent serving the gods in the form of man-made statues. There was no organized set of gods; each city-state had its own patrons, temples, and priest-kings. The Sumerians were probably the first to write down their beliefs, which were the inspiration for much of later Mesopotamian mythology, religion, and astrology. Sumerians believed that the universe consisted of a flat disk enclosed by a tin dome. While the Mesopotamian’s didn’t have anything quit to scale with the pyramids, they did use and build ziggurats for religious purposes.

Both civilizations were centered on religion. Egypt believed in many gods. The gods Mesopotamia believed in tended to be absolute rulers to whom the people owed total devotion. In both civilizations religious leaders were given very high status and held in high regard. Mesopotamia and Ancient Egypt are two religions that believed in monotheism. Both Egypt and Mesopotamia were polytheistic, that is, they believed their worlds were ruled by more than one god. Both civilizations believed that the gods created them. Both cultures also believed that they themselves were created for the purpose of serving their gods. Both worshipers took their names from the numerous gods and the cults that honored the deities, and priests in both religions were no special clothes, and made daily offering in the temples and held annual festivals open to public.

Mesopotamian religion saw humans as the servants of the gods, who had to be appeased for protection. Egyptians believed that the gods created all humans but were also controlled by the principle of maat, or order. Unlike followers of Mesopotamian religion, the Egyptians had a strong belief in the afterlife, which they expressed by building elaborate tombs such as the pyramids. The Sumerian afterlife involved a descent into a gloomy netherworld to spend eternity in a wretched existence as a Gidim (ghost). Egyptians believed that their gods had created Egypt as a sort of refuge of good and order in a world filled with chaos and disorder. The major god for much of Mesopotamia was the sky god Enlil; later th e worship of Enlil was replaced by the worship of the Babylonian god Marduk. For Egyptians, Amen-Ra was the most powerful deity, chief of the pantheon. Statues of winged bulls were a protective symbol related to the god Sin Mesopotamia, while the ankh, a kind of cross with a loop at the top, was a prominent representation of life in ancient Egypt. The Enuma Elish tells the Mesopotamian story of creation and explains how Marduk became the chief of the gods. The Egyptian Book of the Dead was a guide for the dead, setting out magic spells and charms to be used to pass judgment in the afterlife. Ancient Nippur was the site of the chief temple to Enlil, while Babylon was the location of Marduk’s sanctuary. Thebes and the temple complex of Karnak were home to the worship of Amen- Ra. In the modern world the remains of these early religions can be seen in Egypt’s pyramids, tombs for the pharaohs, and in Mesopotamia’s ziggurats, temples to the gods. The New Year’s Festival was a major event in Mesopotamian religion, while Egypt’s most important festival was Opet. Because Egypt was the “gift of the Nile” and generally prosperous and harmonious, Egyptian gods tended to reflect a positive religion with an emphasis on a positive afterlife. In contrast, Mesopotamian religion was bleak and gloomy. Ancient Mesopotamian prayers demonstrate the lack of relationships with gods and goddesses who viewed humans with suspicion and frequently sent calamities to remind everyone of their humanity. Such was the message found in the Gilgamesh Epic.

Although the religions of both civilizations shared many similarities, the differences were vast. The most notable ones are the importance and belief of afterlife and the relationship between Gods. Because of these differences, we believe, the civilizations were different because in early times, civilizations revolved around their beliefs and values but unfortunately, there was an end to these great civilizations.

Displaying Photography on the Web

Getting Started:

When deciding to display your photography online, there are a number of considerations that need to be taken into account as presenting imagery on the web. What I will cover today is image scan quality, the dimensional size of the image, and the impact of image file formats.

Image Scan Quality:

Resolution is the image quality measured in terms of how many pixels make up your image. It is commonly referred to as “ppi”; (pixels per inch). One of the common dilemmas when scanning photo transparencies to digitize them for use on a person’s website is how detailed of a scan do you need to provide your webmaster to post your imagery online. I’m going to sidestep the issue of image copyright concerns for the time being as I’ll cover that in an upcoming article on its own. However, because your images are to be viewed on a screen, all web graphics should be no larger than 72 ppi and thus anything higher has no improved effect, and only creates longer download times. This will also reduce what an individual could do with the image file if they had alternate motives.

Image Dimension Size:

Pixels are the unit of measurement for the screen and most webmasters design a website to fit one of the standard display sizes. Based on statistics that can be looked up on the internet, we have found that most people today have their monitor’s set to display at least 1024 x 768, if not larger.

Why this is important, is that if your scan dimensions in Adobe Photoshop say that the image is 8.5 inches by 11 inches, saving the file at those dimension will not allow a user at 1024 pixels by 768 pixels to see the image in its full presentation without scrolling both vertically and horizontally. Adobe Photoshop provides the ability to resize the image to a size that will fit within your website design. As an added bonus, it will also reduce the download size of the image that the view of the image will experience without losing image quality. This is something that you will need to work with your webmaster to come up the proper tradeoff between file size and the presentation size of the image in your portfolio. It is important to realize that not everyone has broadband connections, so thumbnails are very much appreciated by those who use dialup connections. One thing I would recommend is to come up with standard dimension sizes for your horizontal, vertical, panoramic and thumbnails and stick to them as it will make your life, and your webmaster’s much easier.

Image File Format:

There are two types of color that can be used in Web graphics. The colors can be associated with the Web graphic file formats we just mentioned: GIF and JPG.


GIF is short for Graphics Interchange Format and consists of the 216 common colors found on all computer monitors and within all Web browsers. These common colors reside in a Web palette and its advantages are that it is supported by practically all web browsers, can include transparent backgrounds, supports interlacing (providing a low-resolution preview of the graphic to the viewer while it downloads), and can be used as an image map (allowing the viewer to click on the graphic as they would a regular link to another site).


JPEG is short for Joint Photographers Experts Group and is superior in rendering color and detail found in photographs or graphics using blends, gradients, and other tonal variations. JPEG files use red, green, and blue (RGB) for graphical color. The strength of these colors is set in from zero to 255 with zero being the least intensity and 255 being the highest intensity. When red, green and blue are combined at zero intensity the result is black. At full strength, high intensity, where the values are set at 255, 255, 255, the result is pure white. As a photographer, it is important to utilize photographs as much as we can within your Web portfolio to present your work in the best possible quality so that it captures the true spirit of the subject work.

Choosing between the two image formats:

These full color images should not be saved as GIF files because of the limited number of colors. By having limited colors, the full color image will represent the true colors using the existing Web palette of 216 colors and will create a poor, dithered, and ugly image. That is why it is very important to use the right file format for each specific graphic. Sometimes it’s obvious that a graphic on someone’s web page was saved in the wrong file format. Photos may look too grainy, or flat-color images may look too fuzzy. When selecting GIF or JPEG for your graphics conversion, it is important to consider the type of image you will be working with. Use a GIF format if you’re graphic consists primarily of line art or flat colors without gradients. JPEG-converted graphics are best for photographs or images with fine tonal variations in colors, such as images with gradients or metallic images. Choosing the right file format is not only important for the quality, but for keeping your images file size to a minimum.


With proper usage of image scan quality, the dimensional size of the image, and the correct image file format, you will be presenting your web portfolio in a manner that the rest of the world can fully enjoy your work.

Different Types of A Financial Calculator To Choose From

If you are making some financial goals for the future, whether it has to do with your mortgage, investments, car loans or even managing your debt, being able to calculate things like your returns, the time period for which you need to save or how much you need to save is important.

With the various resources now available to you via the internet, you no longer have to wait on a meeting with the experts to give you the information you need. Instead, you can now use the resources available to you online to get started today.

One of the most important resources that you will find online as it relates to planning your financial future is a financial or money calculator. There are many different types available, and so you will need to choose the one appropriate to you based on your area of interest.

Mortgage Calculator: This calculator can be used to determine your monthly payments based on the interest rate and terms of your mortgage. As a result, you will find that there are different versions of this calculator available. There is a calculator for fixed mortgages and also one for adjustable rate mortgages. There is even a calculator that will help you to compare the two different types of mortgages to see which will suit you best. In addition, if you are thinking about refinancing or buying a new home, there is a mortgage calculator that will help you to determine the terms which will be most favorable to your situation.

Car Loans: This calculator will help to give you the confidence you need when dealing with the dealer of your car financing. You can use this calculator to check the terms of your loan and determine your monthly payments. In addition, you can also use the car loan calculator to compare various loans and choose the one with terms most appropriate for you.

Credit Cards: Today many persons are consolidating their credit card debts in order to pay off their credit card loans faster and also to be more consistent. You can use this type of financial calculator to help you determine the amount that you will need to pay in order to complete the payment of your credit cards by a set date. You can also use this calculator to help you see the difference it will make if you choose to make fixed payments to your credit cards instead of just paying the minimum amount.

Investing: If you are thinking about investing or have started to do so, financial calculators will help you to determine the amount you need to save in order to reach your goal. It can also be used to determine the amount that your investment will earn over time.

There is also a calculator for retirement planning, managing your debt and your personal finance. Basically, any type of calculator that you need to plan your financial future can be found online. The calculators are also very easy to use and most of all they are free.